The causes of Addiction – Jerry Dunn

The term alcoholism was first used by Magnus Huss and may be defined as any change in the condition of the body or in its physical or mental activities caused by ethyl alcohol or alcoholic beverages. Alcoholism is literally a poisoning by spirits. For more help get in touch with one of our team who can help you get into contact with our centre, or we can refer you to the right centre for treatment that suits your needs. Call 0824424779 or email 

It is the ethyl alcohol in beer, whiskey, and other liquors that causes intoxication. It is ethyl alcohol that causes addiction.

Understanding the causes of addiction is complex to say the east. The fact that there are those who drink because of personality defects cannot be denied. Yet basic research does not hold to the premise that the psychological makeup of a man is the primary foundation for the causes of addiction to himself.

Dr. Robert Fleming, one of the leaders in the World Health Organization, says about the causes of addiction, “Most alcoholics are not psychiatric cases: they are normal people.” The conclusion reached in a fifty-six-page report issued by the World Health Organization is: “First, nobody is immune to alcoholism. Second, total abstinence is the only solution… . Alcohol is a poison to the nervous system. The double solubility of alcohol in water and fat enables it to invade the nerve cell. A person may become a chronic alcoholic without ever having shown symptoms of drunkenness.”

Dr. Edwin H. Sunderland of Indiana University reached the same conclusion about the causes of addiction. “The alcoholic could be a sad type or a happy type, an introvert or an extrovert. In short, he could be anybody.”

Alcoholism starts with the social drinking of alcoholic beverages, not with a problem personality. All alcoholic beverages—wine, beer, or whiskey—contain ethyl alcohol, a habit-forming drug. It doesn’t matter which carrying agent is used; too much of any alcoholic beverage causes the same result—drunkenness.

Dr. Jorge Valles, director of the Alcoholism Unit Treatment and Research Program of the Veterans Hospital in Houston, Texas, in his book Social Drinking and Alcoholism, makes this statement:

The cause of alcoholism is alcohol. For many years we have known that alcohol is the agent that produces Chronic Alcoholism. However, for one reason or another this basic fact so important to the understanding of both the disease and the patient, has been ignored or laid aside. We do not mean to be facetious when we say that there has never been a case of alcoholism recorded in which the patient had not ingested alcohol. Furthermore, the reason for a person’s drinking an alcoholic beverage does not make him an alcoholic. If one needed a reason or a problem every time he reached for an alcoholic drink the number of alcoholics in our country would be considerably less than what it is today.

He goes on to quote a statement by Drs. L. Goldberg and R. G. Bell in which they say that a person who is healthy in all respects can fall victim to the disease of alcoholism if he ingests great quantities of alcohol over a long period of time. No previous psychological or emotional disorder is necessary.

Dr. Bell also says, “Many patients who have been able to adapt physically to large quantities of alcohol and have spent their adult lives in a setting where it is customary can become seriously addicted without having been psychologically ill at the on-set of drinking.”1

Dr. Valles identifies three steps in the causes of addiction:

 1. A substance (alcohol)… has less effect when intake is repeated.
2. A prolonged intake.
3. The rise in the minimal effective dose.
When these factors are present addiction may result. In these cases the causes of addiction and thus alcoholism is due entirely to the physiological and pharmacological properties of alcohol. The psychological constitution of the victim plays no role. Entirely healthy people can become addicted to alcohol. The same applies to other poisons.
The causes of addiction are undoubtedly complex. For more help get in touch with one of our team who can help you get into contact with our centre, or we can refer you to the right centre for treatment that suits your needs. Call 0824424779 or email  #addictiontreatment #drugrehabcentre @drugrehabcentres2